The department also runs a de-addiction centre for patients with substance use disorder since 1994. It is sponsored by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Govt. of India.
Addiction is a complex problem, perhaps a disorder or even a disease that affects the structure and function of the brain and individual’s behavior. It is characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable craving for the drug or an activity, along with compulsive behavior of seeking and use that persist despite devastating consequences for health, functioning, work and social life including relationship.
Scientific research has argued that addiction is a brain disease. While the path to addiction begins with the act of taking drugs or indulging in the activity, but over time a person’s ability to choose not to do so, is compromised, and seeking and consuming the drug/activity becomes compulsive. This behavior results largely from the effects of prolonged exposure (to drug or activity) on brain functioning. Whilst pleasure and enjoyment may have been
originally sought with the drug or activity, but with habitual use/involvement it will be needed to feel normal. Many individual may indulge to reduce unpleasant feelings or emotions. Addiction affects multiple brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory control over behavior. Simple biological or genetic basis cannot explain heritability of addiction or addictive behavior, and it is established that vulnerability is multi-factorial with interplay of genetic makeup, age of exposure to drugs (and activity), environmental influences (including stress from work, relationship and social milieu), and psychological status. Associated medical and psychiatric illnesses are common and there has been argument whether they are the cause or effect of specific addiction.